Know Everything about Blood Cell Disorders: Symptoms, Types, & More

If you have a blood cell disorder, there are many things you will need to consider. Blood cell disorders are rare and there are many types of these that can affect anyone regardless of age, gender or race. The most common blood cell types that may be affected by a disorder include red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. These three types of cells are known as the blood components because they each perform a different role in the maintenance and repair of your body.

When one or more of these components is out of balance, it can lead to a number of serious health consequences that can be difficult to manage. If you believe that you have any symptoms related to a blood cell disorder, it’s important that you speak with your primary care physician about diagnosis and treatment options. In this article, we’ll discuss the signs and symptoms of some common blood cell disorders as well as their potential causes and effects on your overall health.

Why are Blood Cells Important?

Blood cells are essential to life. Your blood contains red blood cells that transport oxygen throughout your body, white blood cells that fight infection, and platelets that help your blood clot when you are injured. Iron is an essential component of red blood cells and their function. If you don’t have enough red blood cells or they aren’t carrying enough iron, you are at risk of developing iron-deficiency anemia.

A blood disorder can lead to a shortage of healthy blood cells, either because your bone marrow isn’t producing enough healthy cells or because your spleen is removing too many healthy cells.

There are many types of blood disorders, and some are caused by an underlying medical condition. Some examples of common blood cell disorders include anemia, a decrease in red blood cell production or increase in red blood cell destruction; coagulation disorders, a decrease in platelet production or increase in platelet destruction; stem cell disorders, a decrease in the production of new blood cells; and thrombocytopenia, an increase in platelet destruction.

1. Anemia and its Symptoms

Anemia is a blood disorder that occurs when you have too few healthy red blood cells. It can occur when the bone marrow is not producing enough healthy new red blood cells, when the spleen is removing too many healthy red blood cells, or when the liver is destroying too many red blood cells.

Symptoms of anemia include fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, a racing heart rate, headaches, pale skin, a racing heart rate, headaches and shortness of breath. If you have anemia, you may need to increase your iron intake through dietary sources or through iron supplementation to treat the condition.

2. Coagulation Disorders and their Symptoms

A coagulation disorder occurs when there is a deficiency in the number of platelets in the blood. Platelets are responsible for the normal coagulation process and the proper healing of wounds. A coagulation disorder is often accompanied by an increased risk of bleeding, including excessive bleeding after an injury, bleeding in the joints, excessive bleeding with menstruation, bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract and bleeding during certain medical procedures.

If you have a coagulation disorder, you will likely be prescribed blood-thinning medications as a form of treatment. It’s important to note that these medications may increase your risk of bleeding during certain medical procedures.

3. Thrombocytopenia and its Symptoms

Thrombocytopenia is a blood disorder that occurs when the number of platelets in your blood is reduced. The most common cause of thrombocytopenia is a drug reaction, but it can also be caused by certain underlying health conditions, such as cancer or autoimmune diseases. High-risk medical procedures, including surgery and the use of an IV, can also cause thrombocytopenia.

Thrombocytopenia can cause an increased risk of bleeding, including excessive bleeding after an injury, excessive bleeding with menstruation and bleeding in the joints. You may be prescribed blood-thinning medications to treat thrombocytopenia, but you should be aware that these medications can increase your risk of bleeding during certain medical procedures.

4. Leukopenia and its Symptoms

Leukopenia is a blood disorder that occurs when there are too few white blood cells. It can be caused by certain medications or can be a sign of an underlying health condition, such as an infection or autoimmune disease. Leukopenia can increase your risk of infection and may require prompt medical attention.


Blood cell disorders can result in a wide range of serious health consequences and may require prompt medical attention. It’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of these disorders so that you can seek treatment as soon as possible. With prompt treatment, many blood cell disorders can be managed and the accompanying symptoms can be minimized.


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