Know Everything about Asperger’s Syndrome 2022: Symptoms, Diagnosis & More
Asperger's syndrome is a disorder that affects how a person communicates and interacts with others. It's not as well known or understood as autism, but it can be just as challenging. People who have Asperger's may find social situations confusing, or they may feel disconnected from others. They may also have odd speech patterns or make strange facial expressions that are not typical for their age group.
Asperger's syndrome is part of the autistic spectrum, and people with this condition generally struggle with everyday social interactions. The main symptoms of Asperger's include difficulties in communicating, awkward body language and unusual interests. Many adults with Asperger's struggle to find partners or jobs because their social skills are undeveloped. However, there are ways to cope with the challenges of living with Asperger's so you can lead the best life possible.
What are the Symptoms of Asperger's Syndrome?
The symptoms of Asperger's syndrome vary from person to person but can include the following:
- Challenges in social communication.
- Problems with nonverbal communication, like facial expressions and eye contact.
- Problems with change.
- Strong attention to detail.
- Strong interests in one subject, like trains or astronomy.
- Poor sense of direction.
- Repetitive or rigid behaviors or a tendency to get stuck on one thing at a time.
- Sensitivity to light, sounds, or textures.
- Odd or awkward body language.
- Having an unusual way of speaking.
- Having a hard time understanding other people's feelings.
- Having a hard time making friends.
- Having a hard time getting along with others at work.
- Having a hard time getting along with family members.
- Having a hard time understanding social rules, like the need to share or take turns.
- Having a hard time with dating and romance.
- Having a hard time getting along with employers.
- Having a hard time getting along with teachers and professors.
Causes and Risk Factors of Asperger's Syndrome
Researchers don't know exactly what causes Asperger's syndrome. They do know it's more common in boys than girls. Experts think genes likely play a role in Asperger's, but they're not sure which genes are responsible. Other factors could also play a role, including prenatal exposure to toxins, premature birth or complications during delivery. Asperger's is often diagnosed in children who are very intelligent but don't understand the rules of social behavior. Asperger's is a lifelong diagnosis.
It's rare for people to outgrow it, although they may learn to cope with the symptoms as they get older. Asperger's can also be more obvious in children and teens than it is in adults. It's not unusual for Asperger's to go undiagnosed until a person is an adult. Adults who are diagnosed with Asperger's may have experienced symptoms since childhood but have not realized what was wrong. Other adults may only find out they have Asperger's after their child's diagnosis or after taking an online Asperger's test.
How do People Get Asperger's Syndrome?
There is no known cause for Asperger's syndrome, but many possible contributing factors exist. Some medical professionals believe that Asperger's syndrome is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain, while others believe it could be the result of a genetic defect. Still, others believe that environmental factors might be responsible for Asperger's syndrome.
Although no one knows what causes Asperger's syndrome, advances in modern medicine have enabled many people who have Asperger's syndrome to lead full and fulfilling lives.
Treatment and Medication Options for Asperger's
Early diagnosis and therapy can help children with Asperger's learn social skills and improve their communication skills as they get older. As adults with Asperger's, most people benefit from finding one-on-one social skills and communication therapy.
Many adults with Asperger's also take medication to treat symptoms like anxiety, depression, social anxiety, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Medications can help reduce the severity of symptoms for people of all ages with Asperger's.
People with Asperger's syndrome can lead healthy, happy lives. With the right treatment, guidance, and support, many people with Asperger's go on to lead successful, fulfilling lives; others go on to lead happy, productive lives even though they may never be able to overcome the symptoms. With the right treatment and support, people with Asperger's can learn how to manage their symptoms and live satisfying lives.
There is no cure for Asperger's syndrome, and there's no way to predict how people affected by the disorder will fare in life. But there are ways to manage symptoms, improve social skills and make the most of strengths and interests. With the right support and treatment, people with Asperger's can go on to lead healthy, happy lives.